Patagonia Region

The region of Patagonia in Argentina is vast and diverse, encompassing a range of geographical and cultural attributes. We’ve put together this very short overview of the region.

Patagonia Geography

  • Location: Southern section of South America, shared by Argentina and Chile.
  • Topography: Characterized by the Andes mountains to the west and south, plateaus, and low plains to the east.
  • Climate: Generally cold and dry, with considerable variation ranging from the Andean ice fields to the northern deserts.

Natural Features

  • Glaciers: Notably the Perito Moreno Glacier, among others within the Los Glaciares National Park.
  • Mountains: Including the iconic Fitz Roy and Cerro Torre.
  • Lakes and Rivers: Such as Lake Argentino, Lake Viedma, and the Rio de la Plata basin.
  • Flora and Fauna: Unique species adapted to the cold environment, including the Andean condor, guanacos, and Patagonian mara.

Protected Areas in Patagonia

  • National Parks: Los Glaciares National Park, Nahuel Huapi National Park, and Tierra del Fuego National Park.
  • Biodiversity: Conservation of unique ecosystems, including the Valdivian temperate rainforests and the Patagonian steppe.

Cultural Aspects

  • Indigenous Peoples: Historical presence of indigenous groups such as the Mapuche, Tehuelche, and Selk’nam.
  • Settlements: Including the towns of Bariloche, El Calafate, El Chaltén, and Ushuaia, which is often referred to as the southernmost city in the world.
  • Economy: Predominantly driven by tourism, sheep farming, and oil extraction in some areas.

Patagonia Tourism and Recreation

  • Hiking and Trekking: With numerous trails and outdoor activities in the Andes and surrounding areas. See our Patagonia Hiking Tour
  • Ski Resorts: Such as Cerro Catedral near Bariloche, offering winter sports opportunities.
  • Cultural Tourism: Including visits to local estancias (ranches), museums, and cultural heritage sites.


  • Transportation: Key airports in Ushuaia and El Calafate, and the presence of the famous Route 40 that runs along the Andes.
  • Accommodation: A range of options from luxury lodges to backpacker hostels catering to tourists.

Environmental Concerns

  • Conservation Efforts: Addressing issues such as deforestation, glacier retreat, and the impact of invasive species.
  • Sustainable Development: Balancing the needs of tourism with the preservation of natural resources.

Population (Demographics)

  • Density: Patagonia is one of the least populated regions in Argentina, with vast areas of uninhabited land.
  • Distribution: The population is unevenly distributed, with most people living in a few urban centers and small towns.


  • Spanish: The predominant language spoken in Argentine Patagonia is Spanish, with local dialects influenced by indigenous languages and European immigration.
  • Indigenous Languages: Languages such as Mapudungun (Mapuche language) are spoken by indigenous communities, although they are less common.
  • Foreign Languages: In tourist areas, English and other European languages can often be heard due to the international visitors and immigrant history.